Ziad kh. Alenizi, Ph.D


Abu Dhabi Campus

+971 2 6133553



Ph.D. in Private Law, " Private International Law " Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Master of Private Law, Institute of Arab Research and Studies, Cairo, Egypt.

Bachelor of Law, University of Applied Sciences, Amman, Jordan.

Research Interests

Arbitration, Electronic Transactions, Private International Law, International Conventions, Conflict of Laws, Civil Law Issues.

Selected Publications


  • The Applicability of UAE Conflict of Laws Rules Related to Property and Persons to Electronic Transactions", paper presented at the International Multidisciplinary Conference organized by Al-Ain University and the International Journal of Arts and Sciences, Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates, January 31, 2016 to February 4, 2016
  • The compatibility of the UAE & Bahraini legislations in determining the time of conclusion of electronic contracts with international trends. paper presented at the 30th Business & Economics Society International (B&ESI) Conferences organized by Al-Ain University and the Business & Economics Society International (B&ESI), Abu Dhabi, UAE, January 8-11, 2017.

Teaching Courses

Introduction to the Study of Law, Private International Law, Conflict of Laws, Arbitration Law, Civil Procedure, Civil Transactions(5), Civil Transactions(6)


Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all.

This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):




  • Member of the Jordanian lawyers Association


Online Sales Contracts: A Study of the UAE Law

Published in: Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Sep 12, 2019

Ziad Kh. Al Enizi Suhaib Walid Sharaiyra

Online sales contracts are concluded between parties who are not necessarily present in the same location, and who are usually located in different countries having different legal jurisdictions. This fact gives rise to several issues including the determination of the applicable law to online sales. Thus, this analytical study endeavors to examine the adequacy of UAE legal rules in determining the applicable law to online sales contracts, and analyze the solutions presented by the UAE legislator, if any, for determining the same. The study concludes that the main issue in determining the applicable law to online sales contracts lies in determining the place of conclusion of the contract. The study further concludes that the UAE legislator solved this issue by presuming a certain place as the place of conclusion of the contract regardless of the actual location of its conclusion. The study suggests the insertion in the UAE law of a provision that takes into consideration the actual place of conclusion of the contract where such place is capable of being determined.


'The Compatibility of Arab Laws and Modern International Trends with the Freedom of Parties to Choose the Law Applicable to International Trade Contracts'

Published in: Global Trade and Customs Journal

Sep 10, 2019

Ziad Al Enizi / Ramzi Madi

This article deals with the compatibility of the Arab laws and modern international trends represented in the principles of The Hague Conference (2015), on the freedom of the parties to choose the law applicable to international trade contracts in two sections. The first indicates the compatibility of an international issue; whereas the second section tackles discrepancies and contrasts in the scope of the freedom granted to the parties to choose law through the study of four axes: the extent of freedom in the selection of legal rules that disregard the legal system of any state, the extent of the link between the law selected, the parties, contract, the forms of choice, and the issue of the ability to modify the choice of contract. It concludes with the results of the differences between the Arab laws and the latest international trends in this regard, together with recommendations for Arab legislators to keep up with the legislative developments in this regard.


Consumer Protection in International Online Consumption Contracts: In view of UAE Law

Published in: Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Jul 09, 2019

Ziad Kh. Al-Enizi Mohammed A. Aladaseen

The accessibility to the internet is increasing rapidly nowadays, allowing the conclusion of a larger number of online international consumer contracts. Most national legislations handled consumer protection and internet contracts locally, as different jurisdictions have their own laws and regulations in that regard. However, there is no protection provided for online consumers globally. Therefore, consumers are in urgent need for protection at the present time where internet transactions witness a significant success internationally. This study covers this issue and its significance only according to the UAE law since it is very similar to other Arab laws in this regard. Therefore, the applicable UAE rules as well as the international judicial jurisdiction rules of UAE courts shall be applied. Such rules determine the cases which fall under the jurisdiction of UAE courts governing international consumer contracts entered into by state residents. It aims at determining the level of protection provided for the consumer by such rules and presents certain solutions that may raise the level of protection that the consumer must have, whether when determining the governing laws of contracts or stating the competent court to consider relevant disputes.


The Compatibility of the UAE & Bahraini Legislations in Determining the Time of Conclusion of Electronic Contracts with International Trends

Published in: Global Business & Economics Anthology

Sep 06, 2017

ziad kh alenizi / Suhaib Sharaiyra

The use of electronic means to conclude contracts raises many problems, mainly the problem of the determination of the time of the conclusion of those contracts. So, what is the time of the conclusion of the contract when it is made with the use of electronic means? I try in this research to answer this question and determine the time of the electronic contract in the Bahraini and Emirate legislations and the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts (ECC). In the quest to address this problem and determine the time of the electronic contract, I will explain problems raised by electronic communications, clarify the attitude of electronic transactions laws to the determination of the time of transmission and receipt of electronic messages. Then, I will apply the general principles of the determination of the conclusion of contract between absents on the electronic contracting, show the adaptation of these general principles to the electronic contract, and deal with the attitude of the Bahraini and Emirate legislations and the ECC on the use of electronic communications in international contracts. In the end, I conclude my research with the determination of the time of electronic contract according to laws under study, and presentation of the most important findings and recommendations.


The Applicability of UAE Conflict of Laws Rules Related to Property and Persons to Electronic Transactions

Published in: Humanities and Social Sciences Review

Feb 22, 2016

Ziad Kh / Suhaib Sharaiyra

The conclusion of legal transactions through modern means of communications raises several legal issues, such as the issue of proving such transactions or the issue of determining the time and place of their conclusion, etc. Additionally, several questions come into mind regarding electronic transactions: Does such utilization of modern means of communications bring about the issue of determining the applicable law to the transaction? Can the conventional conflict of laws rules be applied to such electronic transactions? Or are these rules in need for amendment? This study aims at answering these questions by examining the UAE conflict of laws rules related to persons and property, highlighting the applicable rules, if any, as well as those in need for amendment due to the issues they raise